Joint hand to prevent violence against women and girls
Joint hand to prevent violence against women and girls
Gender- ased violence, especially women and girls is an alarming problem in most countries around the world, including Vietnam. This is seen as the biggest barrier to eliminate gender equality. A particular concern is the abuse and violence against girls which is developing in a complex manner and becoming an urgent matter in society. Violence against women and girls is the potential risk of breaking good family values, social safety and especially violating human rights seriously.
According to incomplete statistics, an average of 64 women, 10 children and 7 elderly people per day are victims of domestic violence across the country. The rate of emotional violence was even higher, with 54% of women reporting experiencing emotional violence. At the same time, according to information from the United Nations Population Fund, the number of calls to report domestic violence during the COVID-19 epidemic in our country has increased by about 20%.ender- ased violence, especially women and girls is an alarming problem in most countries around the world, including Vietnam. This is seen as the biggest barrier to eliminate gender equality. A particular concern is the abuse and violence against girls which is developing in a complex manner and becoming an urgent matter in society. Violence against women and girls is the potential risk of breaking good family values, social safety and especially violating human rights seriously.
Although in recent years, the gender equality action program (2011-2020) is implemented synchronously and effectively at all levels, sectors, and localities across the country. Many measures to intervene and address the violation and abuse of women and children have been made by appropriate authorities. However, the situation of violation and abuse of women and children is still very complicated. According to statistics, 71% of the world’s victims of trafficking are women and girls, with an average of 1 in 3 women experiencing violence. In Viet Nam, in 2016, 600 women and girls became victims of trafficking.
- What is violence ?
Violence: defined as behavior involving physical force, rebellion, defiance of justice, morality to insult and oppress others (by words, actions with or without weapons …) that cause mental and physical damage in the range of social relationships.
Violence against women and girls is one of the most popular behavior that violates human rights in the world today and result in big consequences for the victims, family and society.
2. How is violence against women and girls nowadays ?
In modern society, violence against women and girls is not only limited to physical abuse, causing health damage to women but also affect them in other ways. Physical injuries can be healed someday but the deep psychological wounds could forever be embedded in their mind.
In a family, the women may not be physically abused, but are forced to do a lot of hard work without a day’s rest, having a cramped life without comfort, sharing, encouragement from the family members, especially the husbands, or having to constantly listen to the insulting and horrible words for many reasons like being unable to give birth to a son, clinging to family, etc.. under pressure from their husband’s family or being vilified for their appearance after giving birth.
All of that are terrifying forms of violence that seriously affect the mentality and soul of women with a sensitive soul they have, just a small thing could hurt them deeply.
An unhappy family, neglect, and lack of caring from parents are some of the causes of violence against women and girls. Ending violence against women and girls is seen as the first shield to construct a civilized and equal society for everyone. Girls are not only the victims of domestic violence but also the victims of trafficking, sexual abuse, and violence outside family.
Unlike other crimes, people committing child sexual abuse and violence are usually relatives. Specifically, about 21.3% of culprits are biological father, stepfather, brother, cousin; 6.2% are teachers, school staff; 59.9% are acquaintances, neighbors, etc.. If the victim is woman, the culprit is usually a family member. However, the figures still cannot fully reflect the traumatic situation, as there are many cases of child sexual abuse that have not been reported for different reasons, such as the family is ashamed or worried of their children to be discriminated against or judged … So, this is just the tip of the iceberg.
- What is violence consequences?
According to experts, child sexual abuse and violence have caused great damage to society and the overall development of the country. The consequences of child abuse, especially for health, cause an estimated damage at $ 209 billion, or nearly 2% of GDP in the Asia Pacific.
It is clear that violence against women and girls has extremely serious consequences, not only causing damage to women and girls physically and mentally but also running a risk of danger to society. Domestic violence impairs children’s ability to learn and fully develop.
In fact, many cases of domestic violence, violence and abuse of women and girls have not been strictly handled, there were serious cases that should have been subject to criminal violations instead of handling as civil cases. Prejudice against victims of violence makes them feel ashamed, silently accept and not report to authorities. Children and women are not given information and knowledge to protect themselves. Victim blaming and gender stereotypes make the victims afraid raising their voices to protect themselves and others and that makes the problem even worse.
In 2000, the United Nations General Assembly has passed the resolution of designing November 25 as the International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women. However, there still exist gender inequality, ignorance of laws, lack of self-control due to pressures in family life, management limitation in all levels and branches, inadequate sanctions against violence, etc.. thus needs more efforts from the political system and society to prevent violence against women and girls.
Responding to the Action Month for Gender Equality and Violence Prevention in 2019 (from Nov. 15 to Dec. 15) nationwide with the theme: “Ending violence against women and girls ”, the prevention of violence against women and girls in the country in general and the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development in particular, the Women’s Committee of VCMI calls for all staff, teachers and students to join hands to protect women and girls against violence:
1- Every staff member and teachers is a model to “say no” to violence against women and children, especially girls.
2- Promoting role and precious tradition in each family as it is an important environment for human personality to form, nurture, and educate. Each family member, especially the father and the mother should equipped hemselves with knowledge, educate and guide their children the basic knowledge and skills in order to recognize and prevent violence and abuse, etc…
3- Trade Union, and Youth Union strengthen propaganda and spread the Law on Marriage and Family, Law on Gender Equality, Law on Children, Law on Domestic Violence Prevention in order to change perceptions, actions, and responsibilities for gender equality; disseminate basic skills on domestic violence and child abuse prevention to help families, especially women and children raise awareness, skills, and understand basically how to avoid and defend against abuse and domestic violence … to help people raise the confidence and be skillful and reasonable handling in daily life; proactively prevent and stop acts of domestic violence and child abuse, and build a safe and healthy living environment.
4- Actively work together to build a safe and equal environment from home, school to the whole society. When there is violence, abuse or there is a risk of violence or abuse, the victim should not keep silent but tell people to get support from community.
5- Raising the responsibility of families, schools and individuals in the fight against social evils and gender inequality, especially promoting the role of teachers for being most reliable for students in general and girls in particular to look for knowledge, preventive measures, or help in troubles of preventing violence.
Women and children are for love and cherish! Violence against women and children is unacceptable in today’s society that need to be condemned and eliminated and for not to become an obstacle to social development. Therefore, we must fight against domestic violence. Eliminating violence against women and children is the pursuit of progress in human society and for everyone’s life to be happier and happier in respect, love, equality. Ending violence and abuse of women and girls needs the help of the whole society. By doing this, we can build a civilized, progressive, equal, and safe society for women and girls, especially to gradually erase gender inequalities in all political, economic, cultural, and social aspects.
(Reference souces: from internet and colleagues)